Zápisník Josefa Rouska

Python a React.js programátor zaměřený na Shopify integrace

Adventure with matplotlib, virtualenv and MacOS

Recently I’ve developed passion for machine learning. Which includes many hours of fun with various modeling and plotting libraries.

Yesterday I was playing around with Multidimensional scaling in jupyter notebook. But when I tried to render a chart it just didn’t work. Engine got stuck and I had to restart it. At first I though that the rendering is too complicated, but even simple example didn’t work.

Problem was as I later discovered caused by a bug in virtualenv. I managed to get it working using workaround described on matplotlib’s FAQ.

First install python and create virtualenv.

brew install python --framework # install python 2.7 framework build
virtualenv env # create virtualenv

Then create bash script called frameworkpython in bin folder of your environment, in my case it’s env/bin/frameworkpython with following content.


# what real Python executable to use

# find the root of the virtualenv, it should be the parent of the dir this script is in
ENV=`$PYTHON -c "import os; print os.path.abspath(os.path.join(os.path.dirname(\"$0\"), '..'))"`

# now run Python with the virtualenv set as Python's HOME
exec $PYTHON "[email protected]"

Make the scipt executable and install libraries.

chmod +x env/bin/frameworkpython # make it executable
source env/bin/activate # activate environment
pip install matplotlib jupyter notebook # install matplotlib and jupyter notebook

Only one problem was ahed of me. How to start the notebook from this script. It was pretty simple in the end frameworkpython env/bin/jupyter-notebook.

You can use this code to test it. Don’t forget to use %matplotlib inline in your notebook to prevent window popping up.

%matplotlib inline
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt
import numpy as np

t = np.arange(0.0, 2.0, 0.01)
s = np.sin(2*np.pi*t)
plt.plot(t, s)


I hope this article will save you some hours of your life I spent with this. You can see the result on my github.